Genetic Eye Disorders

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Genetic factors can play a role in many kinds of eye disease, some of which are leading causes of blindness in infants, children, and adults. The common genetic eye disorders affecting children include:

  • Congenital cataracts
  • Congenital glaucoma
  • Retinal dystrophies- degeneration of the retina causing reduced vision, night blindness or aversion to light, loss of peripheral vision and/ or colour vision abnormalities. E.g. Retinitis Pigmentosa
  • Albinism- complete/ partial absence of pigments in eyes and /or skin and hair.
  • Eye abnormalities- E.g. Anirida, Anterior segment dysgenesis (Peters anomaly)

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