Genetic factors can play a role in many kinds of eye disease, some of which are leading causes of blindness in infants, children, and adults. The common genetic eye disorders affecting children include:
- Congenital cataracts
- Congenital glaucoma
- Retinal dystrophies- degeneration of the retina causing reduced vision, night blindness or aversion to light, loss of peripheral vision and/ or colour vision abnormalities. E.g. Retinitis Pigmentosa
- Albinism- complete/ partial absence of pigments in eyes and /or skin and hair.
- Eye abnormalities- E.g. Anirida, Anterior segment dysgenesis (Peters anomaly)